You often hear jewelers discussing the 4 C’s--Color, Cut, Clarity, Carat
Weight. Because diamonds are so valuable, in the 1940s and ’50s, The
Gemological Institute of America (GIA) developed the 4Cs along with the GIA International Diamond Grading System™ to objectively compare and evaluate diamonds. These terms are important for you to know when making your diamond buying decisions. You should also keep in mind that every diamond is as individual and unique as the person wearing it! Though the Four C’s are constant, the appearance of each diamond is not…just as with people— there are no two exactly alike. The more you learn about diamonds the more you will see they are even more brilliant and amazing than you ever realized…each with its own exceptional personality. Continue reading to learn more and please feel free to visit the Wisnosky Jewelers showroom on business route 6 in Tunkhannock, PA to ask questions and view our diamond collection.
The Greek word "Adamas " means unconquerable and
indestructible. This is the origin of the word Diamond. It
is one of the most indestructible natural formations known
to man. From this word and from the depths of the earth is
derived The Diamond.
The 4 C's of Diamonds
1. Color - In the chaos of extreme temperature and pressure
that first created diamonds, traces of elements such as
nitrogen and boron could have been incorporated into the
diamond’s atomic structure. This is the source of the
The first quality grade of a diamond to be judged is its
color grade. Diamond can cover the entire spectrum of colors
but the majority of diamond colors are yellow and brown.
Brilliant Cut - A beautifully cut round diamond that has 58
Carbon - The element that diamonds are made from.
Cutlet - The bottom facet of the diamond, this is usually
Dispersion - This is the ability to create spectral colors
as light exits the diamond.
Eye-clean - Refers to a diamond that to the naked naked eye
has no visible inclusions or blemishes.